Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln, 1863
1. Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived
2. in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a
3. great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long
5. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a
6. final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is altogether
7. fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot
8. consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here,
9. have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract.
10. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they
11. did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who
12. fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great
13. task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause
14. for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these
15. dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom,
16. and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
Lincoln, Abraham. "The Gettysburg Address." Consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. The Gettysburg Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 19 Nov. 1863. Speech.
The phrase "new birth of freedom" (line 15) is conceptually parallel to