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Using toothpaste with fluoride and drinking fluoridated water reduces tooth decay by at least 25%. Ingesting too much fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis in children and skeletal fluorosis in adults.

Since 1997, the FDA requires a poison warning on fluoridated toothpaste: “Keep out of reach of children under 6 years of age. If you accidentally swallow more than used for brushing, seek professional help or contact a poison control center immediately.”

Which statement BEST explains why we allow sodium fluoride to be used in toothpaste?


The benefits of significantly reducing cavities outweigh the risks of swallowing too much toothpaste.


The expense of dental treatments is insignificant compared to the expense of medical treatment for a fluoride overdose.


The general population has a significant risk aversion for fixing cavities by drilling teeth.


The FDA does not monitor personal care products like toothpaste.


During a risk assessment, it was determined that the probability of an occurance was greater than the potential loss.

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