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Otto von Bismarck, Blood and Iron, 1862

...the great independence of the individual makes it difficult in Prussia to govern with the constitution... Furthermore, we are perhaps too "well-educated" to support a constitution; ...we are too hot-blooded,... Germany is not looking to Prussia's liberalism, but to its power; Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden may indulge liberalism, and yet no one will assign them Prussia's role; Prussia has to coalesce and concentrate its power for the opportune moment, which has already been missed several times; Prussia's borders according to the Vienna Treaties [of 1814-15] are not favorable for a healthy, vital state; it is not by speeches and majority resolutions that the great questions of the time are decided – that was the big mistake of 1848 and 1849 – but by iron and blood...

Bismarck, Otto Von. "Excerpt from Bismarck's "Blood and Iron" Speech (1862)." German History in Documents and Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2016.

This speech expressed a clear rejection of


the new French and Austrian borders established in Vienna in 1815.


press censorship.




Prussian militarism.

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