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Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, Campaign Manifesto, 1848

In order to recall me from exile, you have elected me a representative of the people; on the eve of choosing a chief magistrate for the republic my name presents itself to you as a symbol of order and security. Those proofs of so honorable a confidence are, I am well aware, addressed to my name rather than to myself, who, as yet, have done nothing for my country; but the more the memory of the Emperor protects me and inspires your suffrages, the more I feel compelled to acquaint you with my sentiments and principles. There must be no equivocation between us. I am moved by no ambition which dreams one day of empire and war, the next of the application of subversive theories...

If elected president, I shall shrink from no danger, from no sacrifice, in the defense of society, which has been so outrageously assailed. I shall devote myself wholly and without reservation to the consolidation of the republic, so that it may be wise in its laws, honest in its aims, great and strong in its deeds. My greatest honor would be to hand on to my successor, after four years of office, the public power consolidated, its liberties intact, and a genuine progress assured...

"Louis Napoleon's Campaign Manifesto." Readings in European History. Ed. J.H. Robinson. Boston: Ginn, 1906. 559-62. Hanover Historical Texts Collection. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.

Which of the following was an advantage that the author of this excerpt acknowledged in his pursuit of the French presidency in 1848?


His vast political experience.


His family name.


His military prowess.


His extensive diplomatic skills.

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