Sir Isaac Newton
We know him only by his most wise and excellent contrivances of things, and final causes; we admire him for his perfections; but we reverence and adore him on account of his dominion. For we adore him as his servants; and a God without dominion, providence, and final causes, is nothing else but Fate and Nature. Blind metaphysical necessity, which is certainly the same always and every where, could produce no variety of things. All that diversity of natural things which we find, suited to different times and places, could arise from nothing but the ideas and will of a Being necessarily existing.
Newton, Isaac. The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. London: Motte, 1729. Print.
The tone of the above statement best reflects which of the following developments in Europe during Newton's lifetime?