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"Improved Independent Crane." Scientific American IX.41 (1856): 1. Web.
The cover page of the journal above demonstrates that
because the United States failed in challenging British naval superiority, many ship hulls and engines were found on nearby ocean floors.
the United States lagged far behind Belgium and even Northern Italy in industrial output and innovation.
the 19th century rebirth and renewed reliance upon mercantilism allowed Parliament to profit from the exportation of machinery, to the detriment of the United States government.
American industry and the process by which American labor was mechanized advanced due to the exportation of British machinery and innovations during the Industrial Revolution.