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The following image shows the Concentric Zone Model established by Ernest Burgess in the early 1900’s.
What is the contradiction of this model today?
Concentric Zone Model. Digital image. Https://en.wikipedia.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
Transportation routes have changed from primarily railroad to primarily automobile in contrast to Borchert's air epoch.
The inner city function has shifted from industrial to tertiary industries as opposed to a secondary function of employment.
Government zoning regulations have forced an outward movement of residents in contrast to suburbanization
The model did not anticipate the population growth within the working class zones.
The model is opposite the bid-rent theory which suggests that the wealthy can live next to the Central Business District.