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Kuna Yala

Immersia. Kuna Yala. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., 8 Apr. 2008. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

The indigenous Kuna population live on the Caribbean beaches of Panama.

According to the US National Library of Medicine, since 1970 "The Kuna gradually enlarged their island landmass to adjust for their growing population by building coral walls out into the water and then filling in the enclosed areas with corals, sea-grass, and sand.. live coral cover declined 79%, and at the same time, the Kuna population increased by 62%... In addition to direct loss of coral reef, consequences include coastal erosion and a local increase in sea level."

The Kuna people demonstrate how ____________ impact(s) ____________, and vice versa.


Indigenous cultures; the environment.


Indigenous cultures; climate change.


Population growth; the environment.


Population Growth; Indigenous cultures.


Environmental determinism; population growth.

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