New York, New York. So cool, they named it twice! Well, of course it is New York City inside New York State, but the naming process was an important geographical event. We can call New York City a formal region on a local scale.
How did it become a formal region? Well, the government in charge of the area at the time decided to name it. At that point it became a formal region.
The image below shows New York City the very year it was named.
The government of which country was responsible for naming New York City?