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Automobiles often have a warning on the mirror on the door of the passenger side that states: "Objects in the mirror are closer than they appear" referring to the cars that are behind you.

Which of the following statements best explains why this warning is given?

A

The mirror is small and that means the image is smaller and closer than the object really is.

B

The car's image is upright which means it is a virtual image. All virtual images are smaller and closer to the mirror than the object itself is. Thus the car is farther away than it appears.

C

The driver is closer to the mirror than the car is. The position of the person observing the image determines the size and position that the person sees.

D

The mirror on the passenger side is a convex mirror which produces a virtual image that is reduced in size. Because of perspective, a smaller image is perceived as further away.

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