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Automobiles often have a warning on the mirror on the door of the passenger side that states: "Objects in the mirror are closer than they appear" referring to the cars that are behind you.

Which of the following statements best explains why this warning is given?


The mirror is small and that means the image is smaller and closer than the object really is.


The car's image is upright which means it is a virtual image. All virtual images are smaller and closer to the mirror than the object itself is. Thus the car is farther away than it appears.


The driver is closer to the mirror than the car is. The position of the person observing the image determines the size and position that the person sees.


The mirror on the passenger side is a convex mirror which produces a virtual image that is reduced in size. Because of perspective, a smaller image is perceived as further away.

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