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Students are explaining how commercial nuclear reactors produce electrical energy.

Which of the following statements is most accurate?

A

Nuclear reactors produce steam to turn turbines. The burning of nuclei is a very hot reaction and, thus, quite efficient.

B

Energy is released from the nuclei because the products of the reaction collide with other atoms. They collide inelastically, losing kinetic energy that is transformed into thermal energy

C

During the fission process, some of the mass of the original atom is converted into energy. This energy heats the water to create steam which turns the turbines.

D

Nuclear fusion creates much energy. This energy heats the water to create steam which turns the turbines.

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