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Students are explaining how commercial nuclear reactors produce electrical energy.
Which of the following statements is most accurate?
Nuclear reactors produce steam to turn turbines. The burning of nuclei is a very hot reaction and, thus, quite efficient.
Energy is released from the nuclei because the products of the reaction collide with other atoms. They collide inelastically, losing kinetic energy that is transformed into thermal energy
During the fission process, some of the mass of the original atom is converted into energy. This energy heats the water to create steam which turns the turbines.
Nuclear fusion creates much energy. This energy heats the water to create steam which turns the turbines.