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Betsy is at the county fair trying the strength contest game. When she lifts the small mallet and swings she raises the metal slide only $2/3$ of the way up. When she raises the big mallet to the same height and swings at the same speed, she rings the gong at the top.

The mallets are made of the same material, so which of the following could explain why the slides goes higher?


The larger mass mallet would have the larger gravitational potential energy that transforms into kinetic energy to transfer to the slide.


The larger mass experiences a greater acceleration from the Earth and so will have more kinetic energy when it strikes.


The larger mallet has a larger surface area and so transfers more energy.


The smaller mallet achieves terminal velocity while the larger mallet does not and so has less kinetic energy.

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