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One of the best ways to determine whether one baseball team is better than another is to play a game. But, while the outcome of a game is largely based on skill, chance plays a role as well. That is why teams play each other in series and the league championships are determined with multiple games instead of a single game.

This allows us to conclude that a baseball game is


a valid test of skill, but not reliable.


a reliable test of skill, but not valid.


a valid and reliable test of skill.


neither a valid nor reliable test of skill.


not subject to statistical reasoning since the outcome is a result of human factors.

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