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Students with better school attendance show better grades in school. It is easy to assume that attendance leads to better performance in school, but just as likely, both factors are driven by a third factor.

Which of the following statements support this idea?


The two factors occur together by chance.


Correlation does not equal causation.


Students who do better in school are more likely to want to attend school.


Some students are more motivated to do well in school, leading to better attendance and better grades.


Students have to be present in class to learn the material leading to good grades.

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