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Patients who have experienced brain damage may be unable to form new personal memories but are able to learn new puzzle games, like the Tower of Hanoi, without awareness of having learned them.

Examining these patients, what can we conclude about their memory?


Explicit memories are stored in the cerebellum. That explains why these patients can still play the game.


Damage must have occurred in their hippocampus region, which impaired their implicit memory.


The system for creating explicit memory has been affected, but not the implicit memory system.


Amnesia only disturbs recall of explicit memories.


The cerebellum must have been damaged, hindering implicit memory formation.

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