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In junior high school, Dan got away with copying his test answers from classmates in order to succeed on his more difficult tests. Because his high school teachers are much more observant than his junior high teachers, Dan spends three times as many hours devising new ways to cheat as it would take him to actually study and perform well in an honest fashion. Apparently, Dan’s methods of cheating are no longer very cost effective. ​

Dan's continued insistence on using his cheating strategy illustrates the consequences of which of the following?

A

Functional fixedness.

B

Convergent thinking.

C

Framing.

D

Mental set.

E

Confirmation bias.

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