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Despite the risk of being audited by the IRS and widespread social disapproval, Mr. Chambers refuses to pay income taxes because his conscience will not allow him to support a government that spends billions of dollars on what Mr. Chambers feels are "unjust military actions".

Mr. Chambers' reasoning best illustrates which of Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development?

A

Postconventional

B

Conventional

C

Preconventional

D

Formal operations

E

Egocentrism

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