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First, a hungry pigeon in a Skinner box is given food as it moves towards a lever, then when it lightly touches the lever with its foot, and finally only after it firmly presses down on the lever with its foot.

Which of the following terms describes the process by which the pigeon is trained to press the lever with its foot?

A

Shaping.

B

Modeling.

C

Negative reinforcement.

D

Latent learning.

E

Generalization.

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