Charles is studying for his test in AP Psychology, which is tomorrow. He re-reads his notes, but realizes that he didn't take many notes during class because he was always texting. He decides to read the book, but after five minutes Charles is texting again and soon it is midnight. Charles starts to read again, but he falls asleep after five minutes.
A week later, Charles is getting his AP Psychology test back; he earned a 62%. Charles turns around and says, "This teacher is horrible, I stayed up until midnight studying, and I got a 62%. He just doesn't know how to teach."
Charles's statement is an example of what?