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In a classic television show episode, one friend moves in with another. Within days, the refrigerator, which the apartment owner's parents bought for him when he first moved out on his own, suddenly stops working. He asks his new roommate to pay for half because it is obviously her fault that it stopped working since she just moved in.

His assumption that the new roommate's arrival is related to the refrigerator breaking is an example of


Confirmation bias.


Self-fulfilling prophecy.


Placebo effect.


Hindsight bias.


Illusory correlation.

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