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Shane and Emma have been having a big disagreement. Although they both watch Prime Time Wrestling, Emma believes it is all drama - basically a soap opera for men! Shane says no way! "It's all sport" he claims.

In order to investigate whether gender influences opinions, Shane and Emma conducted a survey of several randomly selected individuals who watch Prime Time Wrestling. Respondents were asked to choose between the following three options concerning their beliefs.

$\bullet$ It's All Sport
$\bullet$ It's All Drama
$\bullet$ It's Part Sport, Part Drama

Responses was recorded separately for both men and women and are shown in the two-way table below.

All Sport All Drama Part Sport, Part Drama Total
Men 28 5 15 48
Women 17 10 14 41
Total 45 15 29 89



Which of the following correctly identifies the explanatory and response variables in this study?

A

Explanatory Variable: Opinion on Prime Time Wrestling
Response Variable: Gender

B

Explanatory Variable: Gender
Response Variable: Opinion on Prime Time Wrestling

C

Explanatory Variable: Male
Response Variable: Belief that Prime Time Wrestling is "All Drama"

D

Explanatory Variable: Female
Response Variable: Belief that Prime Time Wrestling is "All Drama"

E

Since both variables of interest are categorical, either of the two variables could be considered the explanatory variable while the other variable would be considered the response variable.

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