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Many animals migrate (i.e., move from one region to another and back in search of resources, often seasonally) during the course of their lives. Migratory behavior can be learned or innate, depending on the species. Monarch butterflies present an interesting case: their migration is inter-generational. One generation travels to their overwintering grounds in California and Mexico, where they lay eggs. The generation that hatches from these eggs is the one that proceeds back to the species’ summer feeding grounds.

Because of this, the monarchs’ migration must be guided by
Select Option innate behaviorlearned behavior
. Conversely, animals like whooping cranes must perform their first migration by following their flock — without a flock to follow, young cranes do not know where to go. Individuals become better at migrating with experience and an experienced individual would be able to find its way without other cranes. This type of migratory behavior involves both social learning and
Select Option habituationspatial learningproblem solving
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