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Saturated fats have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to the carbon backbone; there are no double bonds in the fatty acid chains. Additionally, the fatty acid chains in saturated fats are straight.

Unsaturated fats have one or more double bonds in their fatty acid chains; where these double bonds exist, the fatty acid chain bend. The bending of fatty acid chains in unsaturated fats determines whether they are solids or liquids at room temperature.

Which of the following types of fatty acids exists as liquids at room temperature? Select ALL that apply.

A

Saturated fats.

B

Monounsaturated fats with cis double bonds.

C

Polyunsaturated fats with cis double bonds.

D

Monounsaturated with trans double bonds.

E

Polyunsaturated with trans double bonds.

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