Limited access

Upgrade to access all content for this subject

Genes encode proteins or ribosome molecules. When a gene encodes a protein, the molecule produced by transcription is a form of messenger RNA (mRNA), which is then translated into protein on the ribosomes.

Alternatively, the transcribed gene may encode for either non-coding RNA such as microRNA (miRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), or
Select Option ribosomestransfer RNA (tRNA)ribozymessmall interfering RNA (siRNA)
, the molecules which are used to transport amino acids to the ribosomes. RNA molecules that are capable of catalyzing specific biochemical reactions, similar to protein enzymes, can also be produced. These molecules are known as
Select Option ribosomestransfer RNA (tRNA)ribozymessmall interfering RNA (siRNA)
.
Select an assignment template