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The Human Genome Project performed the first complete sequence of individual human genomes in 2001.

The complete nucleic acid sequence of the human genome is encoded as DNA within the
Select Option nucleolichromosomes
inside cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual
Select Option chloroplastsmitochondria
. Human genes include both protein-coding DNA genes, known as
Select Option exonsintrons
and noncoding DNA segments, known as
Select Option exonsintrons
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