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Translation is the process by which messenger RNA transcripts are translated into proteins needed by the cell.

In bacteria, translation occurs in the cell's
Select Option nucleusnucleoidcytoplasmendoplasmic reticulum
, where the large and small subunits of the ribosome bind to the mRNA. In eukaryotes, translation occurs after the mRNA is transported out of the
Select Option nucleusGolgi apparatuslysosomesendoplasmic reticulum
to the
Select Option nucleusGolgi apparatuschloroplastsendoplasmic reticulum
.
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