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During a class discussion in a 400-level English class about the theories of teaching composition, students debated about which is more difficult to learn: reading or writing.

One student’s argument in favor of reading being the more challenging was as follows: “If you put a child in a room full of people talking, he or she will eventually learn how to talk. However, if you put that same child in a room full of people reading, he or she will not learn how to read.”

Which of the following identifies the flaw in the student’s argument?

I. Reading and speaking are unrelated tasks and, therefore, cannot be compared.

II. Speaking is an interaction in which understandable behavior is observable, whereas reading is not.

III. The student’s argument compares reading and speaking, not reading and writing.

A

I only

B

II only

C

III only

D

Both I & III

E

Both II & III

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