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The presence of rare maned lionesses in Botswana's Okavango Delta challenges traditional concepts of the gender binary even in the animal kingdom. These "masculinized" female lions are seen as a genetic aberration, resulting from the disruption of an embryo either during conception or in utero. However, the population in the Okavango Delta appears to have a genetic predisposition toward this occurrence, according to the big-cat conservation group Panthera. While these lionesses are apparently sterile, observers state that they nevertheless have a beneficial role in the prides to which they belong.

Which of the following, if true, would support the statement that the maned lionesses benefit their prides?


The maned lionesses are treated the same as other lionesses by the members of the pride.


Male lions are willing to mate with the maned lionesses.


The maned lionesses help with bringing down prey.


The maned lionesses are perceived as males by potential predators, such as hyenas and lone male lions.


The maned lionesses pass on the genetic material that reproduces the aberration.

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