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Dietary Factor 1989 WHO Study Group recommendations 2002 Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation recommendations
Total Fat 15-30% 15-30%
Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) 0-10% <10%
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) 3-7% 6-10%
n-6 PUFAs 5-8%
n-3 PUFAs 1-2%
Trans fatty acids <1%
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) By difference
Total carbohydrate 55-75% 55-75%
Free sugars 0-10% <10%
Complex carbohydrate 50-70% No recommendation
Protein 10-15% 10-15%
Cholesterol 0-300 mg/day <300 mg/day
Sodium chloride (Sodium) <6 g/day <5 g/day (<2 g/day)
Fruits and vegetables ≥400 g/day ≥400 g/day
Pulses, nuts and seeds ≥30 g/day (as part of the 400 g of fruit and vegetables)
Total dietary fiber 27-40 g/day From foods
NSP 16-42 g/day From foods

The USDA food pyramid borrows from a European invention. The first USDA food pyramid was published in 1992, and since that time controversy over what foods to include in what quantities has grown. The table above presents two sets of dietary recommendations. For each of the following statements, select "Yes" if the table supports the claim, select "No" if it does not.



We should get 25% - 45% of our calories from fats and protein under both committees' recommendations

The more recent study recommends significantly lower cholesterol than the older study

The more recent study recommends at least 200% as much Polyunsaturated fatty acids as the older study

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