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What type of figurative language does Conrad use in the following passage and how does it affect the novella in its entirity?

The wilderness had patted him on the head, and, behold, it was like a ball—an ivory ball; it had caressed him, and—lo!—he had withered; it had taken him, loved him, embraced him, got into his veins, consumed his flesh, and sealed his soul to its own by the inconceivable ceremonies of some devilish initiation. He was its spoiled and pampered favourite (Section 2).


Conrad uses imagery. The images presented is that of a caring wilderness that protects those who enter it.


Conrad uses irony. The irony indicates that it was easy for Kurtz to change his comfort level depending on where he resided (within a city or within the wilderness).


Conrad uses foreshadowing. By showing the effect of the wilderness on Kurtz, the reader is able to see how Marlow will react later in the novella.


Conrad uses personification. By personifying the wilderness, the reader is able to see how much Kurtz has become one with it.


Conrad uses flashback. By flashing back to the way Kurtz initially reacted within the wilderness, the reader is able to realize how severe a change Kurtz has undergone by the end of the novella.

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