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Part of the play’s interest in the “natural” and the “unnatural” has to do with metaphorical (and, in some cases, practical) reversals – reversals of lineage, of genealogy, and of relations.

Which of these quotes from Act I does NOT refer to such a reversal?


When Goneril chastises Lear: “You strike my people; and your disorder’d rabble / Make servants of their betters.”


When the Fool asks Lear: “May not an ass know when the cart draws the horse?”


When Gloucester says, in soliloquy: “yet nature finds itself scourged by the sequent effects: love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide: in cities, mutinies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; and the bond cracked ‘twixt son and father.”


When Edmund tells Gloucester: “I have heard [Edgar] oft maintain it to be fit, that, sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the father should be as ward to the son, and the son manage his revenue.”


When the Fool says to Lear: “I have used [songs], nuncle, ever since thou madest thy daughters thy mothers.”

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