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A young man is brought into the ER and is D.O.A., dead on arrival. Upon examination, you notice that the back of the skull sustained a gunshot wound, and it appears that the medulla oblongata was significantly damaged.

Why is the injury to the medulla oblongata frequently fatal?

Select ALL that apply.


Because it contains the autonomic centers for regulating the cardiovascular system and keeping the heart beating.


Because it has a wide range of functioning, including motor functions, memory, problem solving, language, judgment, initiation, spontaneous and impulse control, and social and sexual behavior functions.


Because of its role in initiating respiration and regulation of respiration, or breathing.


Because it involves integrating sensory input, especially visual, and integrates it with sensation and perception, or cognition.


Because it is responsible for processing olfactory information.

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