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The play takes place during a time when Catholicism permeated European religious and cultural affairs. (Remember, it takes place in Italy!) However, Shakespeare wrote following the Reformation, after England had become a Protestant country.

Which facet of the play can be considered a criticism of Catholicism?


Friar Laurence’s habit of studying herbs and advising Romeo


The lovers comparing themselves to “pilgrims” and “saints”


Romeo’s exclamation that if Juliet loves him, he will be “new baptized”


Their defiance of teachings against the mortal sin of suicide


Juliet’s promise that she will worship him as the “god of [her] idolatry”

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