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SCENE V: The lark and the nightingale, two species of birds, are mentioned in the dialogue between Romeo and Juliet.
How do they relate to the play's motif of light and dark?
The lark is associated with illumination (light), while the nightingale corresponds to ignorance (darkness).
Both light and the lark symbolize happiness, while darkness and the nightingale symbolize grief.
Larks and nightingales are both beautiful in different ways; likewise, both good (light) and bad (dark) experiences can be beautiful.
In the same way that light and dark are mutually exclusive, Romeo and Juliet are like nightingales and larks, never able to be together.
The lark, a bird of the morning (light), represents harsh reality, while the nightingale represents the safety of night (darkness).