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The Thief in the Mirror, Frans B. M de Waal

De Waal, Frans B. M. "The Thief in the Mirror." PLOS Biology (2008): n. pag. Web. 20 Mar. 2016.

"But no one has ever accused a magpie of being stupid. The bird belongs to the Corvidae, a worldwide family (also including crows, ravens, jackdaws, jays, and nutcrackers) marked by an exceptionally large forebrain, which permits innovative foraging. In recent years, this family has begun to pose a challenge to the idea that primates constitute the pinnacle of cognitive evolution by showing creative tool-use, visual perspective-taking, foresight, and so on."

The primary purpose of this paragraph is to suggest that


Magpies are cognitively superior to primates.


primates are cognitively superior to Magpies.


the Magpie family is the most widespread family of birds in the world.


the Magpie family is challenging the cognitive superiority of primates.

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