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In 1893, Hawaii became a protectorate of the US after
King Kalakaua felt it would lead to reforms in Hawaii that would benefit Native Hawaiians.
a Spanish invasion was believed to be imminent.
native Hawaiians voted to formally ask for annexation.
Grover Cleveland sent in troops to stop a rebellion by angry Native Hawaiians.
business leaders worried about a movement to return power to the monarchy forced the new queen to abdicate.