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In August, 1961 the East German government, with the cooperation of the Soviet Union, authorized the construction of the Berlin Wall, serving to escalate Cold War tensions and leaving a city harshly divided for nearly 30 years.

How did the Kennedy Administration react to this decision by the communists?


He immediately re-instituted the military draft, which had been inactive since the end of the Second World War.


He immediately placed a grain embargo on both East Germany and the Soviet Union, two nations that greatly depended on U.S. grain.


He met with both the East German and Soviet leaders and tried to convince them to remove the barrier, yet failed to do so.


He ordered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to devise plans for the removal of both the East German and Soviet leaders.


He did not take any direct, immediate action to remove the barrier which would separate the city for decades to come.

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