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British exploration of North America was a late 16th century venture while the Spanish had explored the continent a full century before.

Which of the following best explains why the British lagged behind the Spanish?


The British failed to develop dependable sailing vessels capable of handling transatlantic voyages.


The unification of the Spanish kingdoms of Castile and Aragon provided the Spanish with ample wealth for exploration.


Religious warfare due to the Reformation had consumed the Crown's resources and military.


The Great London Fire had decimated the Crown's treasury, severely limiting available capital for the venture.


Spanish conquistadores had superior military training enabling them to successfully subdue the native populations of North America.

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