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In October 2001, just weeks after the 9/11 attacks, Congress passed and President Bush signed the USA PATRIOT Act.
Aimed at protecting America's national security, what has been a source of controversy with some provisions of the law?
It granted the TSA, the Transportation Security Administration, the power to perform in-depth airport screenings.
It granted extensive powers to the Federal government with respect to an individual's privacy.
It authorized the deployment of many states' National Guard units, despite some states' disapproval, to Afghanistan.
It greatly reduced the percentage of immigrants from Middle Eastern nations from entering the U.S.
It has been seen as the cause of the increase in the number of hate groups within the American society.