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Why were the Phoenicians able to retain much of their independence within the Assyrian Empire?
They had a defensive wall built to keep out the conquerers.
The Phoenician ruler was a member of the Assyrian royal family, granting the province special privileges.
They had vast trading ports in Africa and Europe, giving the Assyrians access to goods they could not obtain otherwise.
The Assyrians greatly admired their craftwork.
The mountain range in between Phoenicia and the rest of the empire made it hard to reach.