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San Piedro had too a brand of verdant beauty that inclined its residents toward the poetical. Enormous hills, soft green with cedars, rose and fell in every direction. The island homes were damp and moss covered and lay in solitary fields and bales of alfalfa, seed corn, and strawberries. Haphazard cedar fences lined the careless roads, which slid beneath the shadows of the trees and past the bracken meadows. Cows grazed, stinking of sweet dung and addled by summer black flies. Here and there an islander tried his hand at milling sawlogs on his own, leaving fragrant heaps of sawdust and mounds of cedar bark at roadside. The beaches glistened with smooth stones and sea foam. Two dozen coves and inlets, each with its pleasant muddle of sailboats and summer homes, ran the circumference of San Piedro, and endless series of pristine anchorages (Guterson, ch.1).

The author juxtaposes the pastoral imagery of San Piedro with the images of cows "stinking of sweet dung" and being "addled by summer black flies" in order to


draw a contrast between the land and the animals.


illustrate the inhabitants' dependence on the resourcefulness of the land.


reflect the abundance of beauty on the island.


foreshadow the delicate balance between the violence and beauty of nature.


interrupt​ the monotony of the landscape imagery.

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