Limited access

Upgrade to access all content for this subject

Read the following passage.

Humbaba said, "Gilgamesh, have mercy.
Let me live here in the Cedar Forest.
If you spare my life, I will be your slave,
I will give you as many cedars as you wish.
You are king of Uruk by the grace of Shamash,
honor him with a cedar temple and a glorious cedar palace for yourself.
All this is yours, if only you spare me."

Enkidu said, "Dear friend, don't listen
to anything that the monster says.
Kill him before you become confused."

Humbaba said, "If any mortal,
Enkidu, knows the rules of my forest,
it is you. You know that this is my place
and that I am the forest's guardian. Enlil
put me here to terrify men,
and I guard the forest as Enlil ordains.
If you kill me, you will call down the gods'
wrath, and their judgment will be severe.
I could have killed you at the forest's edge,
I could have hung you from a cedar and fed
your guts to the shrieking vultures and crows.
Now it is your turn to show me mercy.
Speak to him, beg him to spare my life" (Mitchell 125-126).

Which consequence in the Humbaba episode indicates that Mesopotamians value mercy?


Humbaba curses Enkidu.


Gilgamesh kills Humbaba out of pity.


Gilgamesh dies after killing Humbaba.


Humbaba kills both Gilgamesh and Enkidu.


Gilgamesh and Enkidu triumph over Humbaba.

Select an assignment template