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The fact that both Gilgamesh and Enkidu are described through a unique simile as having “muscles like rock” (Mitchell 75-76) is significant because it
emphasizes the opposition Gilgamesh and Enkidu will initially face and highlights the idea that they are equally matched in power, which is significant to their character foil pairing.
foreshadows the idea that both characters, equally matched, will serve as the protagonist and antagonist of the epic.
creates a detached sense of irony in the fact that both men are powerfully strong but physically weak.
alludes to the Mesopotamian goddess Aruru’s design of Enkidu from mere clay and emphasizes Gilgamesh’s similar origin myth.
contrasts the physique of Gilgamesh, who is tall and strong, with Enkidu, who is squat and powerful.