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Read the following lines from Book VI.

When [GIlgamesh] returned to great-walled Uruk,
GIlgamesh bathed, he washed his matted
hair and shook it over his back,
he took off his filthy, blood-spattered clothes,
put on a tunic of the finest wool,
wrapped himself in a glorious gold-trimmed
purple robe and fastened it with
a wide fringed belt, then put on his crown.
The goddess Ishtar caught sight of him,
she saw how splendid a man he was,
her heart was smitten, her loins caught fire." (Mitchell 128)

What does this passage illustrate about the Mesopotamian views of sex, attraction, and desire?


The passage suggests that physical attraction hinges on physical prowess and wealth.


Gods are allowed to elope with and to have sexual attraction towards humans, which shows that there is not much hierarchical separation between gods and men.


The passage helps portray the idea that Ishtar's lust is primarily driven by Gilgamesh’s values, an important factor of attraction for Mesopotamians.


This passage shows that the gods and man are not allowed to form relationships and that it is sinful for either party to lust after each other.


This passage shows that only men can make advances towards women in this culture.

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