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Read the following lines from Book VI.

When [GIlgamesh] returned to great-walled Uruk,
GIlgamesh bathed, he washed his matted
hair and shook it over his back,
he took off his filthy, blood-spattered clothes,
put on a tunic of the finest wool,
wrapped himself in a glorious gold-trimmed
purple robe and fastened it with
a wide fringed belt, then put on his crown.
The goddess Ishtar caught sight of him,
she saw how splendid a man he was,
her heart was smitten, her loins caught fire." (Mitchell 128)

What does this passage illustrate about the Mesopotamian views of sex, attraction, and desire?

A

The passage suggests that physical attraction hinges on physical prowess and wealth.

B

Gods are allowed to elope with and to have sexual attraction towards humans, which shows that there is not much hierarchical separation between gods and men.

C

The passage helps portray the idea that Ishtar's lust is primarily driven by Gilgamesh’s values, an important factor of attraction for Mesopotamians.

D

This passage shows that the gods and man are not allowed to form relationships and that it is sinful for either party to lust after each other.

E

This passage shows that only men can make advances towards women in this culture.

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