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"Why dear friend, do you speak like a coward? What you just said is unworthy of you, it grieves my heart. We are not gods, we cannot ascend to heaven. No, we are mortal men. Only the gods live forever. Our days are few in number, and whatever we achieve is a puff of wind. Why be afraid then, since sooner or later death must come?” (Mitchell 93).

When read in context with the rest of Book III, what do Gilgamesh's lines, above, convey about the Mesopotamian understanding of death?

A

Death is not the ultimate end to one’s existence. The actions performed in the living world affect where one goes and how one lives in the afterlife.

B

Death may be overcome through stories of heroism and valiant deeds.

C

Death is something that can be overcome by gods and mortals alike.

D

Death is something that should be feared because actions performed in the living world affect where one goes and how one lives in the afterlife.

E

Death is something that makes life worthwhile.

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